Business district of Seoul, Sept. 28, 1950 (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

Hiroshima - Photo Essays - TIME

After The Bomb: Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki …

As with the and other controversies, if somebody wants to have their head spin, they can spend time assimilating the various points of view regarding the years 1933 to 1945, especially pertaining to European Jews and World War II. In many far right circles, Hitler was a tragic hero who lost. The , according to some "scholarship." There are those who criticize the Holocaust deniers, and those who criticize the critics. Another perspective is that the . Another perspective is that . Another perspective is that the USA and the West had a hand in letting it happen or stood by and watched, which includes David Wyman and many others, including most mainstream historians. Another perspective sees German industrialists having a big hand in it, as they clamored for concentration camp labor, then the USA after the war was over (Christopher Simpson). There are standard texts on the Jewish Holocaust (Raul Hilberg, Lucy Dawidowicz, Leni Yahil). There are large, comprehensive tales of the war. There are books about how crazy it all was (Paul Fussell, Howard Zinn, Noam Chomsky), or how the Jewish Holocaust was similar to the (David Stannard, Ward Churchill). There are books about Japanese atrocities (Iris Chang), or about how badly Germans suffered in the . There are books about building the bomb and (Peter Wyden, Richard Rhodes, Gar Alperovitz). There are many documentaries on Jewish Holocaust survivors, perpetrators, witnesses, etc. Lifetimes can be spent digesting the various viewpoints of those times and events.

In a thermonuclearage, we can accomplish it very quickly and decisively

Time magazine hiroshima photo essay - Voluntary …

Cathars followed in the tradition of Gnostics and Manicheans, as did Bogomils and Paulicians. Cathars followed Jesus's living example the best they could, and took it to greater extremes. Cathars would not willingly kill any living thing, and the most accomplished Cathars, the , fasted three times a year for 40 days each and were celibate, which was similar to the Manichean . The Cathars' most devout members would not even eat eggs, milk, or cheese, which were "unclean" foods associated with procreation. lived the simple and austere life that Christians imagined that Jesus lived, and their no meat and no wine policy took it further than Jesus did. Again, no Cathar writings have survived the Inquisition's bonfires. The Cathars' critics stated that the Cathars did not even believe in procreation, which led the great Inquisition historian Henry Lea to state that the Church's attack on the Cathars was probably justified because a few generations of Catharist abstinence would extinguish the species. The Manicheans apparently discouraged having children, although marriage was fine for the "hearers," and even keeping mistresses, as Saint Augustine did when he practiced the Manichee faith. Procreation was discouraged but not , particularly as Manicheanism was a pacifistic religion. They indeed were austere ascetics, but there is more to intrigue about their faith than deplore. Manicheans considered themselves Christian.

Stimson personally decided on theuse of that devastating weapon against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima andNagasaki.

In essence, Alperovitz enunciated the attitude of Nazi Germany as it marched off to war, as Japan did, as Great Britain, Portugal, France, the Netherlands, and Spain did when , etc. The self-image that Americans have is the same one that all imperial societies have. It amounts to, "We are the good guys." Because we accept that "self-evident truth," as seen through our eyes, we blithely justify Hiroshima and Nagasaki. We . We stand by as our national apparatus bludgeons , , , , , Nicaragua, , and so on. We inflict great evil on others, while telling ourselves that we are the good guys. Hitler thought the same way, as does every butcher and mass murderer. The . They always have, and always will.

Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki share their powerful stories and ..

Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Photos From the Ruins - Time…

"...the Potsdam declaration in July, demand(ed) that Japan surrender unconditionally or face 'prompt and utter destruction.' MacArthur was appalled. He knew that the Japanese would never renounce their emperor, and that without him an orderly transition to peace would be impossible anyhow, because his people would never submit to Allied occupation unless he ordered it. Ironically, when the surrender did come, it was conditional, and the condition was a continuation of the imperial reign. Had the General's advice been followed, the resort to atomic weapons at Hiroshima and Nagasaki might have been unnecessary."

Photo Essay From Time Magazine - 188082 - Ealing …

While Stimson was reluctant to bomb cities, the Manhattan Project was developing bombs for dropping on cities. Hiroshima was bombed because it would make a showcase for the bomb's devastating power. Hiroshima was one of the few Japanese cities not yet reduced to rubble, precisely because it was of little military significance. The planners wanted to bomb cities that were relatively intact, which was why they chose Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Declassified files have shown that the initial criteria for selecting the atomic bomb targets were:

Parco La Fenice - Time Magazine 9 11 Photo Essay

When I began the process of revising this essay in July 2014, I knew that this section would be one of the more painful to revisit. Not only was it painful, I spent more time revising this section than any other. Similar to orthodox historians who argue that the , the orthodox position, soon after the atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, has been that those atoms bombs saved lives, as they quickly ended the war. A few years later, "War is Peace" in Orwell's , and orthodox American historians have defended the atom bombs ever since 1945 as life-saving weapons, without a trace of irony.