Racism and Sexism Free Short Essay Example
Our research will explore how discrimination has been manifested in attitudes about race and class through organizations, institutions and the development of American society.
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We will be collecting statistical data (using surveys and an Implicit Association Test), in order to determine the frequency of race-based versus class-bases discrimination.
Note, however, that in both sorts of cases the fact that one is orappears to be a woman need not be the only factor relevant inexplaining the injustice. It might be, for example, that one standsout in a group because of one's race, or one's class, or one'ssexuality, and because one stands out one becomes a target forinjustice. But if the injustice takes a form that, e.g., is regardedas especially apt for a woman, then the injustice should be understoodintersectionally, i.e., as a response to an intersectionalcategory. For example, the practice of raping Bosnian women was anintersectional injustice: it targeted them both because they wereBosnian and because they were women.
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hooks' approach depends on the claim that sexism is a particular formof oppression that can be distinguished from other forms, e.g., racismand homophobia, even though it is currently (and virtually always)interlocked with other forms of oppression. Feminism's objective is toend sexism, though because of its relation to other forms ofoppression, this will require efforts to end other forms of oppressionas well. For example, feminists who themselves remain racists will notbe able to fully appreciate the broad impact of sexism on the lives ofwomen of color. Furthermore because sexist institutions are also,e.g., racist, classist and homophobic, dismantling sexist institutionswill require that we dismantle the other forms of dominationintertwined with them (Heldke and O'Connor 2004). Following hooks'lead, we might characterize feminism schematically (allowing theschema to be filled in differently by different accounts) as the viewthat women are subject to sexist oppression and that this iswrong. This move shifts the burden of our inquiry from acharacterization of what feminism is to a characterization of whatsexism, or sexist oppression is.
Oppression can be accomplished through racism, sexism, ..
Note, however, that not all agree with such an expansive definition offeminism. One might agree that feminists ought to work to end allforms of oppression — oppression is unjust and feminists, likeeveryone else, have a moral obligation to fight injustice —without maintaining that it is the mission of feminism to end alloppression. One might even believe that in order to accomplishfeminism's goals it is necessary to combat racism and economicexploitation, but also think that there is a narrower set ofspecifically feminist objectives. In other words, opposing oppressionin its many forms may be instrumental to, even a necessary means to,feminism, but not intrinsic to it. E.g., bell hooks argues:
A Research Paper on Sexism And Racism - iWriteEssays
In Racism in the Post-Civil Rights Era, Smith gives a chilling account of the changing poll rates of white supremacy to African Americans and the underlying reasons for such thoughts.
free essay on Examination of Sexism in Society
To consider some of the different strategies for responding to thephenomenon of intersectionality, let's return to the schematic claimsthat women are oppressed and this oppression is wrong or unjust. Verybroadly, then, one might characterize the goal of feminism to beending the oppression of women. But if we also acknowledge that womenare oppressed not just by sexism, but in many ways, e.g., by classism,homophobia, racism, ageism, ableism, etc., then it might seem that thegoal of feminism is to end all oppression that affects women. And somefeminists have adopted this interpretation, e.g., (Ware 1970), quotedin (Crow 2000, 1).