An essay or paper on The Poverty and Homelessness
Those researchers who have examined the structural underpinnings of homelessness have concentrated primarily on two sets of factors and their ultimate collision: a growing pool of vulnerable poor people and a concomitant decline in the availability of lowcost housing. As poverty rates fluctuated between the early 1970s and the late 1980s, the absolute number of poor individuals grew substantially, and their poverty deepened. Several factors contributed to these developments. For one, this period coincided exactly with a potent demographic trend—the coming of age of those people born during the “baby boom,” the post-World War II birth explosion that lasted through 1964. Unfortunately, this boom coincided with a marked transformation and a restructuring of global and local economies that severely restricted opportunities for the growing numbers of unskilled laborers preparing to enter the workforce.
Custom Poverty and Homelessness essay writing
Like the villages in the following tale, America’s first response to homelessness was to mobilize and confront the threat by targeting the immediate needs of the homeless:
America’s walk to the river’s edge began in the early 1980s, when people of the United States awoke to find that masses of homeless people had appeared in their midst, seemingly overnight. Homelessness was not a new phenomenon, of course. Periods of pervasive homelessness had checkered our nation’s history, most recently in a post-World War II population consisting largely of single, older, white males who inhabited the skid row neighborhoods of our largest cities, where they drew upon a network of private sector resources, including missions, cubicle flophouses, and single-room occupancy (SRO) hotels. However, the new homelessness that we awoke to was a different, far more jarring phenomenon. Whereas homeless individuals during that prior period had remained safely ghettoized in the isolated urban niches ceded to them, these new homeless people were everywhere, occupying spaces throughout the city, spilling into the suburbs, and appearing even in rural areas. Moreover, they looked different from the homeless people we had become accustomed to. They were younger, more ethnically diverse, and more likely to include parents with dependent children. Even worse, whereas the vast majority of “homeless” individuals of decades past had been housed, albeit marginally, this new population was literally homeless, bedding down in large congregate shelters or on the streets and in other locations not meant for sleeping. More visible and far greater in number, they invaded our public consciousness and daily existences in a way that had not occurred since the Great Depression.
Essays | Poverty | Poverty & Homelessness
In place of these opposing perspectives has emerged a widely held, more integrative framework—a structural explanation of homelessness that gives the individual limitations argument its due. Within this framework, the answer to the questions of why homelessness exists now and why it manifests itself as houselessness draws on the structural context in which contemporary homelessness emerged. This context was defined by a complex set of interwoven demographic, social, economic, and policy trends that increasingly left poor people—particularly the impaired among them—facing a growing set of pressures that included a dearth of affordable housing, a disappearance of the housing on which the most unstable had relied, and a diminished ability to support themselves either through entitlements or conventional or makeshift labor. Households and individuals barely making do increasingly found themselves under financial and interpersonal stresses that made a bad situation worse, culminating, by the early 1980s, in the pervasive homelessness that now seems to be an enduring part of our social lives.
Homelessness/poverty Essay Example for Free
Nationwide, . They are removed from their homes when the courts determine that they’ve been abused or neglected by their parents, or when poverty, death, illness or other circumstances prevent their biological parents from properly caring for them. Although the government must provide foster children with basic needs, all those benefits end with a birthday. In the United States, the age at which foster youth “age out,” that is, stop receiving benefits from the state, varies from 18 to 21. And that’s often when foster care youth start seriously falling behind.