Marx Theory of Alienation - Essay Samples

Karl Marx argued that alienation was a natural consequence of capitalism because of several reasons

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Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions.

The left over amount was kept as profit, a profit that Marx saw that was earned from the sweat of the labor....

Marx’s Theory of Alienation Essay Example for Free

Allen Wood has argued that Marx took this approach because his generaltheoretical approach excludes any trans-epochal standpoint from whichone can comment on the justice of an economic system. Even though onecan criticize particular behaviour from within an economic structureas unjust (and theft under capitalism would be an example) it is notpossible to criticise capitalism as a whole. This is a consequence ofMarx’s analysis of the role of ideas of justice from within historicalmaterialism. That is to say, juridical institutions are part of thesuperstructure, and ideas of justice are ideological, and the role ofboth the superstructure and ideology, in the functionalist reading ofhistorical materialism adopted here, is to stabilise the economicstructure. Consequently, to state that something is just undercapitalism is simply a judgement applied to those elements of thesystem that will tend to have the effect of advancingcapitalism. According to Marx, in any society the ruling ideas arethose of the ruling class; the core of the theory of ideology.

The aim of this essay is to explain alienation, and show how it fits into the pattern of Marx's thought....

Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them.

Like Marx, Mills views the problem of alienation as a characteristic of modern society and one that is deeply rooted in the character of work.

Karl Marx, Alienation of Labor Essays

Marx developed a theory of alienation to reveal the human actions, which lie behind the ostensibly impersonal forces dominating the society. He demonstrated how various features of the society, which seem to be natural are, as a result, of past human activities. Marx understood alienation as a core aspect of the material world. He defined it as the loss of control, especially the loss of control over labor.

Karl Marx’s Alienated Labour | KevinMcAteer

Marx's research showed that human being's alienation in the domain of work has a fourfold dimension. His study revealed that a man is alienated from the items he produces, the process of production, from his community, and from himself. Since man is alienated from himself, he cannot fully develop all his aspects of personality. Consequently, he gets denial instead of fulfillment from his work. Thus, human beings feel at ease in their home during leisure time, but at work, they feel homeless. In essence, Marx aimed at revealing that the relationship existing between an employee and his work is something alien. He demonstrates activity as a form of suffering, creation as emasculation, and strength as powerlessness.

Marx and alienation essays on hegelian themes

'This excellent book manages to convey, with compelling clarity, some of the most profound and nuanced philosophical themes; it helps restore the dialecticity of Marxist thought by elaborating its Hegelian origins. It is the best book I have come across on the Marxist concept of 'alienation'.'

Marx alienation essay; Dissertation ..

In conclusion, Max theory of alienation revealed that what makes man human is his ability to shape the world around him in a conscious manner. However, under a capitalist society, his labor is coerced. Capitalism increases man's ability to produce, but all those involved in the production process do not enjoy its benefits. Max asserts that the labor creates happiness to the rich and privation to the workers. It paves the way for mansions but hovels the employees. Labor procures beauty for the rich but brings a deformity for the worker. In the end, instead of workers enjoying the fruits of their actions, they lead indigent lives.