Why Reconstruction Failed essays
There are ironic contrasts and parallels of the atomic bomb/energy reactions of the 1940s with the state of the FE situation today. Making the atomic bombs is the greatest secret project ever, and almost nobody on Earth, even most of the Manhattan Project's workers, had any idea that there was an atomic bomb project until the USA bombed Hiroshima. The development of FE technology has likewise been performed in great secrecy. FE technology was likely developed to a commercial level by the 1950s, but that program has been privatized and has never been officially acknowledged. The represent capitalism on steroids, and their influence has plenty do with why all independent efforts to develop FE technology for public use have failed to date.
Reconstructions Failure Essay - 801 Words
Perhaps the most damaging deficiency in FE efforts, after self-serving orientation, was that the participants and their supporters were scientifically illiterate and easily led astray by the latest spectacle. Scientific literacy can help prevent most such distractions. While writing this essay, I was not only bombarded with news of the latest FE and alternative energy aspirants' antics, but I had to continually field queries regarding whether Peak Oil and Global Warming were conspiratorial elite hoaxes (or figments of the hyperactive imaginations of environmentalists and other activists), for two examples that readily come to mind. Digesting this essay's material should have those questions answered as mere side-effects. Far from being a hoax or imaginary, Peak Oil was and , and it is all downhill from there, and conventional oil will be almost entirely depleted in my lifetime. , although both were heavily promoted in the USA in 2014. In every paleoclimate study that I have seen, so-called greenhouse gases have always been considered the primary determinant of Earth's surface temperature (after the Sun), and carbon dioxide is chief among them. The radiation-trapping properties of carbon dioxide are not controversial in the slightest among scientists, and after the Sun's influence (which is exceedingly stable), declining carbon dioxide levels are considered to be the conditions that have dominated Earth for the past 35 million years. Humanity's increasing the atmosphere's carbon dioxide content is influencing the cause of Icehouse Earth, and , and are merely proximate causes. Increasing carbon dioxide can turn the global climate from an to a Greenhouse Earth, and the last time that happened, Earth had its . But have purposefully confused the issues, and a scientifically illiterate public and have played along, partly because believing the disinformation seems to relieve us all of any responsibility for our actions. Although scientific literacy can help people become immune to the disinformation and confusion arising from many corners, and reading this essay's first half can help people develop their own defense from such distractions, my goals for this essay's first half are far greater than that.
The earliest economic school of thought was French, and its practitioners were called . They formed the first and so-far only economic school that rooted economic activity and wealth in energy terms. Physiocrats worked before the science of energy was invented, but they understood that land was the basis of wealth, or more specifically, the crops, timber, metals, and other resources that could be wrested from them via labor (AKA ""). Physiocrats were opportunists who developed economic theories that they planned to profit from, in order to climb into the aristocracy. The first English economist of what later became the was arguably who, like his successors, derived theories that he planned to benefit from. They either tried to join the rising rich classes themselves or performed ideological services on their behalf to curry favor. There was nothing of the disinterested scientist in their work, but they became ideological warriors of the rising capitalist class. It became Karl Marx’s task to name that rising class; he called them the . Preceding the nominal classical economists was , who is called a mercantilist philosopher today, but he was really one of the most honest classical economists in describing the early forces of capitalism, of forcing peasants off the land and enslaving them to market forces.
Essay about success and failure of reconstruction
Huge mammals persist to this day, although the spread of humans was coincident with the with the exception of those in Africa and, to a lesser extent, Asia. The five-to-seven-metric-ton browser formed a guild common to dinosaurs mammals, and is probably related to metabolic limits and the relatively low calorie density that browsing and foraging affords. Sometimes, the similarity between dinosaurs and mammals could be eerie, such as and , which is a startling example of , which is the process by which distantly related organisms develop similar features to solve similar problems. They were even about the same size, at least for the most common ankylosaurs, which were about the size of a car. Ankylosaurs appeared in the early and succeeded all the way to the Cretaceous’s end. Glyptodonts appeared in the and prospered for millions of years.