Asian Countries CUBA'S ACHIEVEMENTS IN PROVIDING HEALTH CARE AND …
White et al. (2008) evaluated the association between urbanization and fertility rates, conducting an event-history analysis of 1,436 women based on the 2002 Ghana Population and Environment Survey. Adjusting for age, the study reported, on average, a 24% lower odds of giving birth in any given year for women with urban residence (OR = 0.76, ≤ .00). The effect size and its significance varied by the number of times a women had given birth. For all women and nulliparae, the negative association between urbanization and fertility could not be attributed to differences in age, education, the union or employment status of the mother. Net of these personal traits, urban women exhibited fertility odds that were, on average, 11% lower than those of rural women
Urbanization and Health in Developing Countries
Non-sustainable urbanization is observed in cases where an increase in the urban population caused due to rural-urban migration is supplemented with extensive imbalances and deficiencies in supplies from different industries in the economy.
At primafacie, nowdays people think that everything should be compromisable for luxury as they are forgetting that they are living in a detrimental risk . Everyperson in the society has their own individual vehicles which are used for even very small purposes. In addition, for enhancing the technolgy industries are working 24 hours in avery transforming way as they are harming our nature in very critical way . In account of that, they are also cutting trees for the raw materials and promoting deforestation. Smoke from factories polluting air day by day which effect wild life also . Futher more, to fulfill being’s basic needs land is required because population of planet in exploding which gives output of deforestation . additionally, global warming the most curcial concern faced by the world these days increasing the probability of extinction of life of every category. The worst disasters in current period is also a outcome of these human’s working.
Level 5 Diploma in Health and Social Care; ..
Antai, D. and T. Moradi. 2010. "Urban Area Disadvantage and under-5 Mortality in Nigeria: The Effect of Rapid Urbanization." 118(6): 877–83. doi:10.1289/ehp.0901306.
Urbanization and health in China, political ..
Less than a fortnight after the opening of our new branch, I am pleased by the number of employees who have shown interest in working for the factory. One of the features I noted about the applicants is the fact that they come from different races. I expected to find a majority of white applicants showing interest but I realized that majority are Italians and Russians. My interaction with Isabelle after work made me realize how lucky I am to have both my parents in the country. All I can think about for now is how to help her secure a job in the factory so that she is able to pay for her housing and other expenses. A single mother at the age of 16, the Italian lady needs a job more than any other employee in the factory. She moved into New York six months ago with her child to look for greener pastures in the City. I fail to understand how the human resource manager in the factory could not listen to her plea. The Iranian gentleman feels that there are better and more qualified employees to offer the job but I am convinced that Isabella would be a perfect worker in the unskilled section. Working in the old branch is a more fun, now that the authoritative general manager spends most of his time in the new branch. I hope the new head of accounting department will not be authoritative.
Urbanization and Environmental Health - Univ Essay …
Measures that improve health in urban areas might be distinctively different from those in rural areas (Van de Poel et al. 2007). Urbanization can be expected to shift the disease pattern. Despite likely health improvements, urbanization also imposes new health problems on developing countries. Therefore, their progressing urbanization should be accompanied by an informed health policy that is able to anticipate and screen for health changes associated with urbanization.
Urbanization Essay Race and gender ..
Several health outcomes correlate with urbanization processes in developing countries. Urbanization has been associated with better and worse health status. Prospective research studies and continuing collection of reliable data are needed to assess the causal relationship between urbanization and health with more confidence. To improve our understanding of the different pathways through which urbanization affects health, the relationships between specific and general indicators of both need to be studied. In addition, future research should aim at assessing the overall impact of urbanization on the disease burden of developing countries to guide health policy and public health practitioners.