Epistemology essay: Hume, Plato, and Descartes
Explain Plato’s concepts of equality in the abstract and absolute existence using his arguments on the immortality of the soul, recollection, and references to material objects. Do these arguments resemble Descartes’ use of a ball of wax to show that the mind is capable of a form of perception beyond the senses? To answer this question, you will need to show how Descartes views the human mind, including what can be doubted, what constitutes clear and distinct ideas, and how we can arrive at epistemologically certain knowledge. Show whether Plato and Descartes are both trying to prove that the soul or mind is capable of abstract, metaphysical thought or whether they are dealing with different kinds of knowledge.
Descartes Epistemology Essay - 1710 Words
In this essay, I will try and tackle Descartes claim and come to some conclusion as to whether Descartes is correct to say that the mind and body are distinct....
Historically, the rationalist/empiricist dispute in epistemology hasextended into the area of metaphysics, where philosophers areconcerned with the basic nature of reality, including the existence ofGod and such aspects of our nature as freewill and the relationbetween the mind and body. Major rationalists (e.g., Descartes 1641)have presented metaphysical theories, which they have claimed to knowby reason alone. Major empiricists (e.g., Hume 1739–40) haverejected the theories as either speculation, beyond what we can learnfrom experience, or nonsensical attempts to describe aspects of theworld beyond the concepts experience can provide. The debate raisesthe issue of metaphysics as an area of knowledge. Kant puts thedriving assumption clearly:
Interpretation of Epistemology and Metaphysics of Descartes
René Descartes (1596–1650) is widely regarded as the fatherof modern philosophy. His noteworthy contributions extend to mathematicsand physics. This entry focuses on his philosophical contributions in thetheory of knowledge. Specifically, the focus is on the epistemologicalproject of Descartes' famous work, Meditations on FirstPhilosophy. Upon its completion, the work was circulated to otherphilosophers for their comments and criticisms. Descartes respondedwith detailed replies that provide a rich source of further informationabout the original work. He indeed published the first edition (1641)of the Meditations together with six sets of objections andreplies, adding a seventh set with the second edition (1642).
Plato, Descartes, and Epistemology – Essay Writers Hub
There is much of interest in Descartes' arguments foran all-perfect God. (The Fifth Meditation advances a furthersuch argument.) In the interests of space, and of focusing onepistemological concerns, however, these arguments will notbe considered here. (For an overview of Descartes' proofs, seeNolan (2014) and Nolan and Nelson (2006).)
Plato, Descartes, and Epistemology | Accurate Essays
In order to best understand how and why Descartes builds his epistemological system up from his foundations in the way that he does, it is helpful to gain an understanding of the intellectual background of the 17th century that provided the motivation fo...
Descartes epistemology essay - residence-diamant …
Annie Dillard and Sven Birkerts explore the theory of knowledge, otherwise known as epistemology in their essays “Seeing” and “The Owl Has Flown.” The knowledge we gain contributes to the outcome of our lives, but only we can come to that conclusion with how we interpret this knowledge.
Descartes vs hume - Essay about Epistemology, …
Within the normative tradition, two views about the proper structure of reasons have been developed: foundationalism and coherentism. By far, the most commonly held view is foundationalism. It holds that reasons rest on a foundational structure comprising ‘basic’ beliefs. The foundational propositions, though justified, derive none of their justification from other propositions. (Coherentism, discussed below, denies that there are foundational propositions). These basic beliefs can be of several types. Empiricists (such as Hume and Locke) hold that basic beliefs exhibit knowledge initially gained through the senses or introspection. Rationalists (such as Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza) hold that at least some basic beliefs are the result of rational intuition. Since not all knowledge seems to be based on sense experience, introspection or rational intuition, some epistemologists claim that some knowledge is innate. Still others argue that some propositions are basic in virtue of conversational contextual features. That is, some propositions are taken for granted by the appropriate epistemic community.