The Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombs Essays - …
One incensed reader of the article was , who was the USA's ambassador to Japan from 1932 until the day after the Pearl Harbor attack. Grew was in intimate contact with Truman and Stimson and was behind the effort to put language into the Potsdam Declaration that Japan could retain its imperial family. Grew strongly believed that if Japan had been given assurances regarding their emperor's status, it would have surrendered months before the USA dropped the atom bombs. Grew confronted Stimson regarding that glaring omission in the article. While defending himself, Stimson wrote to Grew in the wake of the article that those who decided to bomb Hiroshima were "very fine men," but they "should have known better."
The bombing of Hiroshima was an unneccesary and regrettable ..
At this time the city of Hiroshima had a population of about 245,000 citizens, nearly 100,000 of them died as a result of the bombing; and about another 100,000 were wounded....
While Stimson was reluctant to bomb cities, the Manhattan Project was developing bombs for dropping on cities. Hiroshima was bombed because it would make a showcase for the bomb's devastating power. Hiroshima was one of the few Japanese cities not yet reduced to rubble, precisely because it was of little military significance. The planners wanted to bomb cities that were relatively intact, which was why they chose Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Declassified files have shown that the initial criteria for selecting the atomic bomb targets were:
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay
Getting at the truth of the motivation behind dropping atom bombs has been a far murkier exercise than orthodox historians have portrayed. The lies about the atom bombings began with , as he called the city a "military base." The reality was that the first people incinerated by the Hiroshima bomb at Ground Zero were patients in hospital beds and children on a playground.
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ..
When I began the process of revising this essay in July 2014, I knew that this section would be one of the more painful to revisit. Not only was it painful, I spent more time revising this section than any other. Similar to orthodox historians who argue that the , the orthodox position, soon after the atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, has been that those atoms bombs saved lives, as they quickly ended the war. A few years later, "War is Peace" in Orwell's , and orthodox American historians have defended the atom bombs ever since 1945 as life-saving weapons, without a trace of irony.
Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay images
The repeatedly stated rationale by Truman, that it was vengeance for Pearl Harbor, may be one of the most honest public statements made by any American official and helps Truman earn his reputation for honesty. Also, after witnessing the devastation that the Hiroshima bomb inflicted, Truman decided to approve any further bombings, because he hated to kill 100,000 people per bomb, especially, "," which is once again at variance with his "military base" announcement. Being one of the most honest presidents is not saying much.
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki | PublisHistory Blog
The two defining events of World War II were Nazi death camps and dropping atom bombs on Japan. By August 1945, when atom bombs were dropped, Japan posed no threat to anybody, as its citizens huddled under daily American bombardment, with Japan completely surrounded, largely in ashes, and waiting for the final blows. History's most destructive weapons were used on that defeated people. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki immediately claimed more than 100,000 lives, more than 100,000 within a few months after the bombing, from radiation and other trauma, and around another 300,000 people suffered from its effects. Those bombs affected millions of lives, and few in salubrious fashion. While the German government turned the Dachau camp into a museum (I ) and paid out billions of dollars in reparations to Israel, America has never apologized for dropping atom bombs on Japan. Harry Truman proudly justified the atom bombs long after he had left office. In 1958, regarding the bombing of Hiroshima, Truman wrote that he had "no qualms about it whatsoever." Truman's words were widely circulated throughout Japan, which led the Hiroshima City Council to state that if Truman actually wrote those words, it was a "gross defilement" of the victims of Hiroshima. The City Council finished with:
Practice DBQ: The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb …
when Germany invaded Poland and eventually Eastern Europe, Jews in those regions largely doomed, although many in the local populations were willing accomplices, eagerly moving into empty Jewish homes, hunting Jews, etc. If the Allies had committed themselves to mitigating the Jewish Holocaust, and there is no evidence that they did to any significant degree, it is questionable how successful they would have been. Yet, that is also a judgment in hindsight. Regarding bombing Auschwitz and other potential attempts to mitigate the Jewish Holocaust, such as buying those Romanian refugees, there is no evidence that they were taken seriously. With the Romanian Jew purchase, the American and British bureaucrats were genuinely that the Nazis would actually sell them and put tens of thousands of refugees in their hands. In the end, the Allies simply what was happening to Jews, as they also did not care if millions of Soviet soldiers were dying in Nazi POW camps as part of a conscious Nazi strategy. In light of the firebombings of Dresden and Tokyo in early 1945, the atomic bombing Hiroshima, then having a "" bombing that, as the Japanese were trying to surrender, gives the lie to the notion that the war planners had much concern for civilian lives. In the insanity and horror of the times, the Jewish fate was simply part of the landscape. As Hilberg observed, the Allies were only really concerned with the success or failure of the combatants, and victims such as Jews, Poles, and Soviet POWs were barely considered among the Allied press and governments.