Adlerian Theory and Models of Counseling Essay
The Adlerian theory assumes that both the conscious and unconscious work for the benefit of the individual. They are used in furthering the goals of man. The theory assumes that not all that is known by man is understood by him. The theory suggests that all that which is not understood by man is the unconscious. Another basic assumption of the theory is that the individual must be looked at from the cognitive perspective in order to be fully understood. This implies understanding the make up and influence of the brain to man’s behavior. This also includes understanding the convictions of an individual. The convictions will influence an individual’s interpretations of events and his ability to control them. Convictions can be defined as those conclusions that are drawn from an individual’s comprehension and are usually biased. The theory also suggests that an individual’s lifestyle should also be looked at in relation to his cognitive development. An individual’s life style is perceived to be the medium through which they look at themselves concerning their convictions about life.
Adlerian Psychotherapy: an Overview of Theory and Practice
Adlerians believe that the most important life problems are social and therefore, the individual must be considered within the social context (Daniels, 1998).
The two therapies are similar because both theorists believed that the most important personalities and characteristics of people are developed within the first six years of their lives. Freud believed that humanity is driven by instinctual forces while Adler concluded that that people are capable of making conscious decisions. Both theorists had a comparable even if it was not identical belief concerning effects of environmental forces, for example, the biological and environmental conditions in the creation of limitations concerning the human beings capacity to make choices and be creative (Corey, 2013).
Origin Of The Adlerian Theory Psychology Essay
A major goal of the Adlerian theory is to scrutinize the goals and premises of the client. This scrutiny is done with the sole purpose of challenging the foundations of the client. The case of Margarita shows that she needs to build her self-image. The client says she experiences social awkwardness. There is a need for Margarita to develop a positive view of herself. The client also admits that though she experiences feelings of depression, she puts on a façade that allows her take up the roles that society expects her to. These roles are those of being a mother, wife, student and professional.
The Case of Sally with Adlerian Therapy Essay 2653 Words | 11 Pages
Four phases occur in the application of the Adrenaline theory. The first phase is that of establishing a relationship between the client and the counselor. This relationship will help in coming up with the goals for the intervention. The relationship is built by the counselor and client working together. They then set the goals that are to be achieved. The counselor will be able to identify the kinds of techniques that will suit the client best. In this phase, the techniques used are those of listening empathetically and moving with the client through each expression of issues. In this particular phase, the counselor gets to clarify the goals to the client and making a few suggestions on the ways of handling the client’s problem.
Adlerian Psychotherapy: an Overview of Theory and …
Margarita has come to seek help for her depression, social awkwardness and emotional outbursts. She also has concerns over her aggression and anger. The counseling theory that will be applied by the counselor is the Adlerian theory. This paper will show the application of the theory to her case. An analysis of various cultural considerations brought by the choice of theory and the limitations that the Adlerian theory shows on Margarita will also be examined.
The Case of Sally with Adlerian Therapy - Sample Essays
Content Specific elements of assignment are met Relevant literature adequately summarized Accurate interpretation of literature (main points captured, etc) Theory and application appropriately integrated Appropriate number and quality of sources Sources are relevant to topic, provide adequate support Level of coverage (detail) is appropriate to assignment
Appropriate use of sections (introductory material in introduction, etc.)
Paragraphs are well-organized and constructed
Transitions between paragraphs and sections are smooth
Your overall grade for this assignment is based on the individual elements indicated above. Letter grades are assigned as follows, with +/ designations indicating intermediate levels of performance.
A level papers: Demonstrates a high level of understanding and sophisticated integration of relevant material; shows depth,ra-therthan just a thoughtful presentation of the obvious; shows evidence of critical analysis with compelling wording, smooth transitions and organizational clarity. B level papers
Demonstrates a good level of understanding and thoughtful integration of relevant material; language is generally appropriate for a professional reader and the organizational scheme is sound. C level papers
Demonstrates a satisfactory level of understanding and integration of relevant material, with observable effort in each; Quality of writing may be inconsistent (i.e., quite good in some sections of the paper and of lesser quality in other sections); organization needs improvement. D level papers
Demonstrates marginal performance; minimal understanding andintegration of relevant material; inadequate level of organization and/or proper style. F level papers
Demonstrates unsatisfactory performance; with little to no understanding of material; elements of the paper are not well organized or integrated; criteria are not met. Many APA format mistakes (see below for examples).
Some examples of APA Format and general errors: -APA Reference errors: no alphabetical ordering in reference/citation lists -APA Punctuation and capitalization errors -APA Format citation errors: incorrect author order, incorrect et al. usage
-Format errors: incorrect line, letter, word spacing, pagination -Use of abbreviations or numerals to start sentences -Undefined abbreviations
(NOTE: The Psychology Departments at San José State University and La Sierra University are acknowledged as a source for the basic structure of this grading guide)