My Country Sri Lanka Free Essays - Free Essay Examples …
The demise of Raviraj at the present time, another liberal Tamil leader who had peace embedded in his heart and mind is very unfortunate for the Tamils in Sri Lanka.
Causes and Consequences of Inter-Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka
Furthermore, the ethnic divisions in Sri Lanka tend to manifest within the education structure in a number of other ways—i.e., the organizational structure of educational institutions, the training of teachers and the content of textbooks and syllabi—which are much more long lasting and far more insidious than the more visible ethno-linguistic policies of the 1970s.
Paul Murphy after meeting the LTTE political wing leader S. P. Tamilselvan and other members in Kilinochchi on November 16 said there are striking similarities between the two conflicts. Although the number killed in the Northern Ireland conflict is about 3,500 compared with 65,000 in Sri Lanka, in terms of the ratio to the population of 1.5 million and 20 million the difference is not significant. A simple statistical comparison of the fatalities does not reveal the intricate differences between the two conflicts. This is not to deny there are some striking similarities. In the Sri Lankan conflict, more than 3,400 civilians, military personnel and rebel fighters have been killed and tens of thousands of Tamil and Muslim families displaced from their habitats during the ten months of this year. The number killed so far this year is about the total that died during the three decades of the Northern Ireland conflict. In addition to the lakh already in Tamil Nadu, more than 10,000 Tamils mostly from Trincomalee and Mannar have fled there this year. In Sri Lanka the number of fratricidal killings is also very high and the victims are all Tamils. Importantly, the irresponsible way the war was conducted over a long period in Sri Lanka is also a distinct factor that is hindering a mutually acceptable political solution.
Sri Lanka: Conflict profile | Insight on Conflict
By the time Sri Lanka achieved independence in 1948 from the UK, there were expectations that the country would become a model democracy. Universal adult franchise had been introduced in the 1931, democratic institutions and traditions had been in place and political violence was not an issue. Moreover, by the 1950s literacy in Sri Lanka was on the rise and there were no serious indicators of economic or social catastrophes of the years to come. However, even before independence, there were clear indications of ethnic politics that were to emerge later.
An overview and futher resources on the conflict in Sri Lanka
Since the early-1980s, many have stressed the role school texts play in shaping ethnic relations in the country. Ideally, school texts (e.g., texts used for teaching religion, language, social studies, etc.) should portray the multi-cultural reality of Sri Lankan society and address issues that are important in this context while approaching the prescribed subject matter. School texts have been written, supervised, produced and distributed by agencies of the state, meaning that their contents reflect state policy or thinking. Furthermore, ethnic politics have also been played out in the process of text production. In recent times some of the more problematic contents in these texts have been removed in the process of revision and re-writing. Ironically however, sometimes this has gone to the opposite extreme—e.g., in some texts all references to ethnicity and related issues have been removed.
SEQ Sri Lankar Consequences | Think like an Ess
Sri Lankan society is an ethno-religious mosaic and within the ethnic groups, there are clear religious divisions as well. To a certain extent, ethnicity and religion also have a regional basis, which is a significant reason why the Tamil militancy has a strong geographical dimension, which extended to the demand of a separate independent state. Of the ethnic and religious groups, Tamil Hindus predominate in the Northern Province and maintain a significant presence in the Eastern Province. The Eastern Province is an ethnically mixed area where Tamils, Muslims and Sinhalese are found in sizeable numbers even though Tamils have a slightly higher statistical edge. Indian Tamils—the descendants of laborers brought from Southern India by the British in the 19th century to work on tea and coffee estates—are concentrated in parts of the Central, Uwa and Sabaragamuwa Provinces. Sinhalese Buddhists predominate in all parts of the country except the Northern and Eastern Provinces. Muslims have a significant concentration in the Eastern Province, but generally are scattered throughout the country. Christians maintain a significant presence in the coastal areas as a result of over 500 years of constant European colonial presence and the consequent Christianization of significant numbers of the population in these areas. However, Christians are found in all parts of the country in small numbers. Malays are mostly concentrated in and around the city of Colombo and the Western Province.