Alexander the Great - Wikipedia
But Alexander was not done. He continued his campaign, driving farther east, until he reached India and the Indus River in 326 B.C.E. At this point, his exhausted troops refused to fight further. They told Alexander that a truly great leader knows when it is time to stop fighting.
Alexander the Great (Alexander of Macedon) Biography
He now proceeded along the (the modern Grand Trunk Road) to the east, and reached . Its ruler Omphis surrendered and invited Alexander to attack the king of the next Indian state, . This man waited for the invaders on the bank of the river , which he believed to be unpassable. However, during a stormy night full of rain, the Macedonians were able to cross the stream, and Porus was defeated because his chariots were unable to proceed in the mud. It was not a big battle -only a sixth of Alexander's army was employed- but it was celebrated as a victory of the greatest importance. The king of Asia minted coins on which he was shown with a thunderbolt, claiming that he had caused the rainfall. Again, Alexander claimed divinity.
Many historians see Alexander the Great in a different light. Although Alexander was both intelligent and handsome, he also had a darker side. He possessed a ferocious temper and from time to time would arbitrarily murder close advisors and even friends. Also, toward the end of his many campaigns, he senselessly slaughtered thousands whose only crime was being in his way.
Writing Alexander The Great Essay - Possible Outline
He divided his army. Craterus commanded one division, was to lead a naval expedition, and a third division was to proceed through the desert, commanded by the son of Zeus in person. This was to be the greatest mistake of Alexander's career: he lost many people in the hot and waterless area. Yet, there were survivors, who recognized Alexander as their god during a drinking party in Carmania, where their king presented himself as if he were the god Dionysus.
Alexander the Great's legacy is …
That might explain why Pausanias was instantly put to death by Alexander's close friends as he attempted to flee the scene, instead of being captured alive and tried before the Macedonian assembly. Philip, the great Macedonian conqueror was dead, the man who liberated his own country and brought if from the edge of the abyss into a world power.
Alexander the Great's life and accomplishments. - …
Eratosthenes was one of the greatest polymaths; he is calledthe Father of Geography, was Chief Librarian at Alexandria, was apoet, music theorist, astronomer (e.g.
Alexander the Great's life and accomplishments
Meanwhile, Darius was building a third army in , but some of his reinforcements never arrived, and ultimately, the great king decided to go to the east, where he would find new troops. Alexander followed him at lightning speed and intercepted his opponent, who was murdered near a town called . According to the Macedonian propaganda, the assassins were Persian noblemen, and Alexander announced that he would punish them. After all, he had conquered a substantial part of Asia by now, and if he wanted to rule it, he needed help from the Persian aristocrats. Punishing the murderers was one way to obtain their support.
The Life of Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great (*356; r. 336-323): the king who defeated his Persian colleague and conquered the . During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, , Persis, , , the , and the valley of the . In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. Therefore, he made his capital and introduced the oriental court ceremonial, which caused great tensions with his Macedonian and Greek officers.